Ivy Bridge Chips with 3D Transistors Launched by Intel
Intel has just launched their latest Ivy Bridge processors, which feature a more energy efficient transistor technology also known as 3D transistor. PC Business Chief for Intel, Kirk Skaugen led the launch, stating that the company has already put up three industrial units for the production of the new Ivy Bridge chips. A fourth factory is already underway, set to open late this year. In an interview with BBC, Mr. Skaugen affirms there is a lot of “momentum” going on about the newly-launched system, saying that “this is Intel’s fastest ramp ever.” The firm, together with various computer companies, anticipates a strong reception for the new product.
The Ivy Bridge processors feature 3D tri-gate transistors, which have replaced the older 2D gates. According to Chief Skaugen, Intel has not only reduced the transistors into a mere 2D size, they have also devised a way to shrink it and make it three-dimensional. Measuring only 22 nanometre in length, more than four-thousand of these transistors can be packed inside the breadth of a human hair. But the 3D transistors offer several other advantages, too. These new 3D transistors help prevent energy leakage, a usual setback with the 2D transistors, without having to compromise switching speed. And without these current leakages, power is maximized, with only very slight increase in the production cost, which is only at about 2% or 3%.
For the Ivy Bridge chips launch, Intel says the new technology saves energy while maximizing computational efficiency. Power savings are estimated to be at 20 percent while processor performance is seen to get at least a 20 percent additional boost. Moreover, these 22nm chips are among the first in the world. Initially, 13 quad-core processors are targeted for release, aimed at desktop PCs. However, dual core processors for laptops are set to be announced in the coming spring. To date the transistors are not yet available for smartphones and tablets.[via]